1 min read

Executive Summary: What Is an Application-Specific Blockchain (AppChain)?

In this article, I explain what application-specific blockchains (appchains) are, how they connect to a broader network for security while remaining specialized for their particular application.

Summary: Application-specific blockchains (appchains) are specialized layer-1 chains designed for a single application that connect to a broader layer-0 network for security and interoperability.

What are appchains:

  • Blockchains built for a specific application
  • Connect to a general layer-0 network
  • Inherit security and scalability of layer-0

Benefits of appchains:

  • Improved scalability
  • Customization for developers
  • Interoperability across ecosystem
  • Fosters innovation

Blockchains using appchains:

  • Cosmos has "zones" as appchains
  • Polkadot uses "parachains" as appchains

Comparing appchains:

  • More specialized than monolithic chains
  • More autonomous than modular chains
  • Don't rely on layer-1 like layer-2s
  • Leverage layer-0 unlike sidechains
  • Osmosis, Litentry, dYdX, Acala

Full article:

What Is an Application-Specific Blockchain (AppChain)? | CoinMarketCap
CoinMarketCap Alexandria takes a deep dive into appchains — blockchains that are designed to operate a specific application.